The MRI has been working on issues surrounding elevation-dependent climate change since 2012, assessing if, where, to what extent, and why mountains and other high elevation regions of the world are warming more rapidly than lowlands. The Elevation-Dependent Climate Change (EDCC) Working Group was formerly known as “Elevation-Dependent Warming Working Group” but has since expanded its interest and work from warming to include additional climate processes specific to mountains and high elevation regions.

 

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Over the coming decades, mountain regions and societies will experience dramatic biophysical and socioeconomic transformations as a consequence of global changes. Education and training will play a crucial role in fostering our understanding of these complex processes. Bringing together an interdisciplinary and international team of experts, this Working Group aligns with one of MRI’s key goals: action is taken to support the development of the next generation of researchers interested in global change in mountains.

 

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The Mountain Observatories Working Group brings together an international and interdisciplinary group of experts to build on the Global Network of Mountain Observatories (GNOMO), established in 2015 to create a network that would generate comparable data on mountain social-ecological systems, from climate and hydrology to ecology, human use, and governance. This Working Group aims to facilitate the development of a network of mountain super-sites where observations will be conducted at multi-thematic scale. These super-sites will also work as 'hubs' for regional monitoring.

 

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Governance of mountainous regions faces pressing challenges that carry implications for the future sustainability of human society.  Mountain peoples and environments appear especially vulnerable to negative impacts from global change processes, yet provide invaluable benefits: They generate key ecosystem services, offer instructive examples of sociocultural resilience, and retain high biocultural diversity. This Working Group aims to address the critical need for better understanding and information regarding mountain governance challenges and opportunities. 

 

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In times of climate change and disruptive social and economic change, the resilience of mountain social-ecological systems requires both the flexibility to respond to changes (adaptive capacity) as well as the ability to prepare for changes (innovative capacity). This Working Group aims to collect existing knowledge and build new capacity in mountain resilience, working toward a dynamic assessment of the evolving state of mountain social-ecological system resilience to interconnected environmental changes. 

 

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